Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior Unfortunately, there is a lack of awareness and knowledge about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Pakistan.
However, statistics from South Asia estimate that there may be 350,000 children with autism in Pakistan 12.
These signs typically appear in early childhood, generally between 12 to 24 months 1. However, it’s important to note that not all children with autism will display these signs, and some children without autism may display some of these behaviors 1.
Signs of autism in children can vary, but some common signs include:
The exact cause of autism is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some environmental factors that may play a role in the development of ASD include maternal infection, diabetes, high blood pressure, and older paternal age at conception. However, it’s important to note that not all children with these risk factors will develop ASD, and not all children with ASD have these risk factors.
Many scientists believe that interfamily marriages are causing an unusually high number of genetic mutations to spread in Pakistan, leading to disabilities in children of consanguineous marriages.
There is no single treatment for ASD that works for everyone. The best course of action is to consult with a healthcare professional who can provide guidance on the most appropriate treatmen options for an individual with ASD.
Caring for children with autism requires the services of multiple healthcare professionals which include Occupational, Play, Behavior & speech therapy as well as sensory integration.
Some children can outgrow a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), once considered a lifelong condition. In a new study, researchers found that nearly 10 percent of children with ASD who received early intervention achieved what the researchers call “optimal outcomes,” meaning they no longer meet the diagnostic criteria for ASD and have IQ scores in the normal range.
There are many ways you can help your child with autism at home. Here are some tips: